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Dinner and Show?

Olivia Belcher 4.6.2020

Before COVID-19 completely took over everyone’s lives and we all had to retreat to the safety of our homes, I had the privilege of experiencing the super unique restaurant/museum/haunted school that is Adobe Deli in Deming, New Mexico. I want to start by saying that this place is truly one of a kind.

What brought me to take the one hour journey for Las Cruces to Deming was to take photos of their uniquely presented ribs for my internship with Neighbors Magazine. To my surprise I got a whole lot more than just some yummy ribs, I got a whole experience. Since it was so far away and somewhere I had never been before, I had my boyfriend come along for the ride.

When we were driving there, we kept saying to ourselves “we are in the middle of nowhere.” I had my eye on the only building I could see for most of the trip and when we finally arrived, it ended up being our destination. The only building (that looked occupied) for at least two or three miles.

We came upon this huge building (looks just like a school but I didn’t know that it was a school at first) with a grassy courtyard next to what looked like a rentable event hall. I later found out that the building that is now Adobe Deli was once the Lewis Flats School that was established in the mid to late 1800s and hosed students until the 1960s.

We found the front door by following vintage signs. The door was locked because state regulations had already been put in place for restaurants to close their dining rooms and operate on a to-go basis only.

I gave the place a call (they knew I was coming) and this man’s head popped out of a window to my left, that I didn’t even know was there and told us to go all the way to the back of the building where he would let us in.

We entered the building from the far-right and into a long hallway with many doors on each side.

The young man who greeted up was the manager/bartender, David, who had been working at Adobe Deli on and off for quite some time. He knows the place and everything in it almost as good as the man who owns it, Van Jacobsen.

As soon as we walked in, the grand tour began. David first took us down the hallway to the entryway.

I wish it was possible to mention all of the cool items that Val has collected in this place but that would call for an entire book!

In the entryway was a humidor that once held almost 50,000 or more cigars when it was in use. To the left of the entryway was a room that originally was a classroom (like most of the other rooms) and still had a working button that triggered the school bell, that still works too. This particular room was later converted into Van’s first deli space when he acquired the building.

The room directly across was the kitchen that was so big that it looked like it had enough equipment and space to feed a whole army at one time.

Down the hall was a small room with nothing but a coffee grinder in it, griding imported coffee beans right in front of us. It smelled amazing!

Then David took us to the secondary dining room and bar area that they have for events and such. This room was full of taxidermied deer, old vintage saddles, and even a classic record player that has to be cranked. The star item in the room, which made it the creepiest room in the building to me, was Al Capone’s taxidermied water buffalo that hung in the room where he committed most of his murders.

Connected to that second dining room was the old school library, still filled with books from the time it was still an operating school and some more that have been collected over the years. Also located in the library where the walls of Deming’s very first post office which still had the original PO boxes and everything.

From there we were taken to the wine locker. It was amazing seeing how many bottles of wine Van has collected and to feel how cool it was in there. The frightening part of this room was that when we came in I misunderstood what David said. I thought he said “this is the only door that we CAN’T leave open,” which made sense to me since it is basically a huge refrigerator, so I told my boyfriend to close it. But what he actually said was “this is the only door we HAVE to leave open.” Thank God he caught what I said before my boyfriend could close the door because we would have been locked in there until someone figured it out, there was absolutely no cell phone service. SCARY!

Since we didn’t lock ourselves in the wine cellar we continued our tour into the main building, which looked to me like to could have been the gym when it was still a school. With high ceilings, a long bar, and even a big screen, this room was the biggest in the whole building.

It was filled with more taxidermied animals that included an almost 20-foot alligator straight from New Orleans.

There were a few very interesting items in particular in this room. One of them is an American flag, from before Alaska and Hawaii were acquired, that only has 48 stars.

Here is where the creepiness comes in. Above the drinking bar is an oxygen bar so there is a stairway that allows people to access the oxygen bar. There is a door at the bottom of these stairs that was originally a cell door to a patient room in Deming’s first sanitarium. David and many other employees have actually heard banging and scratching coming from the other side of the door when no one was else was around or using the oxygen bar. One of the bartenders actually saw a face in the little barred window cut out that scared her so much she ran into the office and called the owner.

Many customers have witnessed a man sitting up at the oxygen bar when no one was supposed to be up there utilizing it and every time someone goes to check there is no one. Multiple customers also have repeatedly come up to David and told him that there was a little girl just sitting in the bathroom.

David even shared with us that one night when he was closing the bar alone, he heard footsteps coming from above him as if someone was walking around the oxygen bar. It stopped and then he heard the footsteps start running towards the staircase. David said this was the creepiest encounter that he ran out of the restaurant. Later David and Van watched the cameras and as David was running out, papers that were handing on the ceiling fell down.

Adobe Deli had encountered so much paranormal activity that they were even featured on their own episode of Ghost Adventures.

I wish I could go on and on about this place, but you all just have to go see it for yourself. They are currently doing take out food only so you cannot go in, but once COVID-19 has subsided and they are open again, Adobe Deli should be at the top of your day trip list.

Posh Skincare and Nail Bar

Olivia Belcher 3.9.2020

This one is for the girls (and the boys you like getting pampered). POSH Skin Care and Nail Bar, located at 901 E University Ave, is the best place for all your self-care needs. They focus on your health and safety while making you look your best at a really affordable price, especially for students who become members of their rewards program.

This is a locally owned business that is one of a kind with only one location. There are a lot of options throughout Las Cruces but POSH stands out among the rest because they only stick to services that do not severely harm you.

This means, when it comes to nails, they don’t do acrylic, but rather they do gel and dipped manicures. Being conscious of your customer’s health is an outstanding business model to have. Not only do they care about your health, but they also care about your comfort.

When I moved to Las Cruces from El Paso I knew I needed to find a place where I could go to pamper myself. I have always loved getting pedicures and I didn’t want to have to travel all the way back to El Paso to get one. I decided to try POSH because I would drive past it a lot coming to and from school. When I looked them up, their website intrigued me because I noticed that they were different from most nail salons. I decided to try them out and I have to say I am very happy that I found them. I haven’t tried any other places in Las Cruces because I was so satisfied with the service I received at POSH. The fact that it is a locally owned business was the cherry on top.

I particularly like getting the earliest appointment I possibly can (right when they open preferably) because there is a certain level of relaxation in the mornings versus the afternoons or evenings. The staff is calm and fresh, the sun is beaming through the front window, it smells like coffee, and it just makes the beginning of the day so much better. When you walk in you are greeted by a beautiful room-dividing fountain and live plants all around. Once you are called you are brought behind the fountain into the rest of the salon that has a modern and sheik décor that makes you feel like a millionaire.

I personally enjoy the royal pedicure because it includes everything a basic pedicure would include but even more for only $38. I am not a gel nail polish type of person so I always go for normal nail polish which helps keep the price down because they do charge extra for gel nail polish (we will never be able to escape it).

All of the staff members are very polite and make you feel as if you’re the center of the moment. My personal favorite is Amy. She was the second nail technician that I had at POSH and I absolutely fell in love with her. She was talkative but not too much where you felt you had to talk to her, but you can’t help but want to because she is so inviting. I got a pedicure done with Amy and she did everything perfectly and made sure that I was comfortable the entire time. I always ask for her when I decide to spoil myself with a pedicure.

Their wide range of services include pedicures, facials, massages, waxes, and more. They are also always offering specials for those who are members of their rewards program and even for those who are not. I received a 20% any service for my birthday and occasionally get random 10% off deals through text. POSH also promotes its monthly and holiday specials on their website and social media accounts.

You will not regret trying this place out.


T or C Brewing

Olivia Belcher 2.24.2020

The local business that I want to share with you all is a place that I have enjoyed going to for a while now. T or C Brewing Co. is a New Mexico based brewing company that originated in Truth or Consequences. The first time I visited T or C Brewing Co. was with my boyfriend after we had enjoyed a soak in the hot springs.

Our normal tradition was to go to our favorite winery and pizza place to have dinner and drinks but this particular time the kitchen closed unusually early. We had no idea where to go because that was always our go to. So I looked up places on trusty-dusty Google and T or C Brewing Co. popped up.

It looked like a cool place so we decided to check it out. I called them to see if they served food and unfortunately, they don’t but the bartender did inform me that they do allow you to bring your own food in.

Which I think is an awesome policy to have! So, we went to Sonic which was the last remaining food establishment open at the time (besides Denny’s) got our favorite items and took it to T or C Brewing Co.

When we walked in I was pretty impressed with their selection. They have a wide variety of beers ranging from light to very dark. Since it was out first time there we decided to try their flights which is 6 samples of or choice.

We each chose three that caught our eye. I am personally not a big beer drinker so I asked the bartender what she would suggest and she said recommended their apple cider and two of their lighter beers.

I have to say that I fell absolutely in love with the cider. It had a wonderful taste and want too bubbly either. I enjoyed it so much that I bought a growler to take back home with me. We were also lucky enough to be there on a night that had live music.

The main point of me sharing his experience with you is because they have just opened their Las Cruces location which I am very excited about. The way I found out about the new location was totally fate.

My boyfriend and I were driving down ???, a road we don’t often drive down, and out of the corner of my eye I saw a T or C Brewing Co. sign all lit up. I whipped my head around to get a clearer look and sure enough, I wasn’t hallucinating.

I wanted to check it out so bad that we ended up going there that night. We walked in and sat at the bar. It is smaller than the Truth or Consequences location but was designed perfectly with a lot of seating options indoor and outdoor.

While sitting at the bar, we started conversing with who we assume is the manager, about how long they had been here and stuff like that. To our surprise he said that their opening day was just the night before.

That is why I think it is fate. What are the odds that we just came across it as soon as it opened.

The beer selection is a little smaller than their Truth or Consequences location and to my disappointment they didn’t have my cider either. But! They did not let the experience go to waste. They recommended a beer that was somewhat along the same lines and I did enjoy it.

I later found out that they carry the sangria from the winery and pizza place that we traditionally go to, which made the visit even more special.

I highly recommend you check them out. They are affordable and local.

Dry Points

Olivia Belcher 2.10.2020

This semester I want to dedicate this blog to showcasing local businesses that are affordable for students to enjoy. There are so many local businesses in Las Cruces that strive to serve the Las Cruces community every single day. I want to give my readers a special look at these unique places.

The first business I want to showcase is a locally owned distillery in Mesilla, New Mexico by the name of Dry Point Distillers. Dry Point, located at 1680 Calle De Alvarez, is the perfect spot to get tasty, handmade cocktails made with locally grown, distilled, and infused ingredients. It doesn’t get more local than Dry Point. The mastermind behind the main ingredient in cocktails, the alcohol, is Chris Shaefer. Distilling spirits started as a hobby that Shaefer and his father, Stephan Shaefer. The started with beer and once his father bought a small still, they started experimenting with whiskey. Once they got the hang of distilling, they started using any local ingredients they could find.

“We tried fruits, red chili, and I would even go out to the dessert for prickly pear and honey mesquite. Anything that I tasted and thought ‘that has a good flavor.’ Then we would ferment it and try to make something out of It. So that is when we really got into distillation and fermenting local items,” says Shafer.

They didn’t start thinking about making their hobby into a business until Shaefer’s cousin opened their own distillery in Albuquerque. Shaefer thought to himself that there was nothing really like that here in Las Cruces so they decided to look into it. Many stacks of paper and countless hours of hard work later and Dry Point Distillers was open for business.

When they had originally started designing the business Shaefer wanted to strictly be a wholesaler. That quickly changed once thoughts of a tasting room quickly grew into a micro bar with a full cocktail menu.

Every drink includes one of Dry Point’s four one-of-a-kind spirits that are distilled in-house; Mesa Vodka, Monsoon Gin, Dry Spell Bourbon Whisky, and Los Pasos Brandy.

On a regular day at Dry Point, their drinks are not the cheapest option but are still very reasonably priced for the quality that you are getting. The best day to go to Dry Point is on their Wednesday Pick ‘n’ Pair. Every Wednesday, Dry Point pairs up with The New Mexican food truck to provide Las Crucens with a delicious meal and a cocktail all for $10. How it works is Dry Point picks the drink of the day and you usually can choose from either chicken or brisket tacos, and one Wednesday that I went The Newmexican was offering a choice between tacos or a quesadilla. A plus to the deal is that they let each person order it up to two times. That’s two meals and two cocktails for $20. The quality of both the food and the cocktail defiantly don’t suffer for the amazing price. This deal is perfect for college students who want to go out with friends but are on a budget.

Dry Point is expanding as well to allow for more people to come and enjoy their amazing cocktails and laid-back southwest feel. With this expansion, they will also be adding a stage, a second bar, and serving bar snacks. The New Mexican will also be serving hot food on certain nights.

Shaefer is a proud Las Cruces native and wouldn’t have wanted to open his business anywhere else. “We have a ton of pride in Las Cruces. My whole mindset and culture identity come from this region,” says Schafer.

Be sure to check out their new expansion that is coming soon. Also, make plans with your friends to meet up on Wednesday for their Pick ‘n’ Pair deal.

This has been my favorite spot to go with my boyfriend for date night and with my friends for a night out ever since the beginning of last semester. I highly recommend it next time you’re in Mesilla. For the most accurate hours of operation and to keep updated on what Dry Point is doing, follow them on Instagram and Facebook @drypointdistillers.


Olivia Belcher 11.18.2019

After producing Local Gems for two semesters now, I have come to realize that there are some very passionate and brave artisans in this world that have devoted their lives to creating their art, without having any other form of income.

What I find so amazing about this is that they are much happier than most people who are making a solid salary at a 9 to 5 job. Not having to be bogged down by having to go to a desk job every morning for the whole day to do it all over again the next day is what I want for my adult life, and the artisans that I have met this past year have shown me that it is 100% possible.

The majority of my guests have devoted their lives to their art and that was all they needed, nothing else. The difference I found between those who focus solely on their art versus those who do their art part-time was a sense of down to earthiness and calmness.

Their personalities radiated positivity and happiness. They seemed almost carefree and at peace with their lives, it wasn’t like they were searching for themselves anymore. These people are the epitome of what it is like to live out your dreams and do what makes you happy no matter the struggles that come along with it.

I have to be honest I don’t see myself going to a normal desk job for the rest of my life no matter how good the pay is. I want to be happy and I want to enjoy my life each and every day just like these amazing artisans I have had the privilege of meeting.

One of my guests decided that she wanted to pack up her life here in Cruces make a little home out of her truck and hit the road with absolutely no plans or schedule on where she needed to go, just her, her dog, and the open road.

That to me is one of the bravest things someone could do with their lives. Not having any plans whatsoever and making every decision based on what you want to do and not what you have to do sounds like heaven to me.

Another one of my guests just opened up his own gallery and healing center with his girlfriend and that is their pride and joy. What is interesting about their situation is that the gallery found them. At the time, they were not looking for a place to display their work but they came across a great opportunity and jumped on it. Now they are running a successful business doing what they both love to do.

I admire these people greatly for chasing their dreams and inspiring me to do the same. Because of their bravery, they have made me want to start saving up now so that I can travel and choose where we are going to be living based on what location makes us the happiest, not where we are going to get paid the most. They have also made me start thinking that I could very well be my own boss and sell my work to anyone and everyone all around to world.

My biggest wish for the future to be doing something I love while having time for family and living comfortably. That’s the dreams and I am so excited to work hard this next semester in hopes of achieving that dream. If my guests could do it I can do it to, it all just a matter of believing in yourself. Never let that mindset slip.


Olivia Belcher 11.4.2019

photo by Olivia Belcher – Alyssa Trujillo in front of the KRUX sign. 

Last week I met a quite unique artisan from Las Cruces, New Mexico by the name of Alyssa Trujillo. She had a wide array of creative talents that include but are not limited to comedy and scribble art. What I found exceptionally fascinating about her is the artistic method behind creating her unique art.

The secret behind it all is simply just scribbles. What is most fascinating about it is that the scribbles don’t even have to be her own scribbles. Trujillo can turn scribbles from kids, strangers, seniors, anyone, and everyone into a one-of-a-kind, un-repeatable piece of art.

After Trujillo lays down a scribble or has someone else draw it, she examines the scribble and is able to manipulate the lines to make whatever image she wants to create. She sometimes lets the scribble decide and goes with what pops out at her first.

Her ability to turn something as easy to draw as a scribble into a work of art shows me that the message behind her work is that everyone can be an artist. To be artistic or an artist you simply just have to create something from your mind and it can be absolutely anything.

When she shows her art to people for the first time, she likes to create a piece out of one of their scribbles to show them just how she does it.

I admire the way she showcases her art by personally introducing it to strangers she meets when she is out because she is making her work personal and intimate.

Interacting with people through art is what it is all about. It is a community that has so many different kinds of people within it that all share a love for creating. Trujillo and my other guests have really shown me that absolutely anyone can create anything they want.

The mainstream way of judging whether or not someone is a good artist or not is based on their ability to create realistic looking pieces that look like real life pictures, but that isn’t the only type of art that falls into the “good art” category, it truly just depends on the person who is judging the artwork.

The determining of what is good art and what isn’t is a completely objective process that varies from person to person. It is entirely opinion, but what makes a piece iconic or worth a lot off money is when the majority of people who see the piece conclude that it is magnificent.

What Trujillo shows with her work that people develop a connection to her pieces and they automatically gravitate towards them is when she knows that the piece belongs to that person because it is perfect in their eyes.

I enjoy finding the messages behind artists’ work because even if it wasn’t created with a certain intention there is always a driving force behind artistic creations whether the artist was aware of it or not.

Getting to dive into Trujillo’s creative process and see what magic she can create with scribbles was an amazing experience and I hope I get to own one of her fantastic pieces one day. Maybe even out of my very own scribble.

The Art of Podcasting

Olivia Belcher 10.21.2019

In January of this year, I was given the opportunity to join the KRUX 91.5 FM family as a podcaster. When I was hired they asked me what I wanted my podcast to be about and it did not take much thinking for me to decide that I wanted to use this platform to showcase the talent that local artisans have in the El Paso and Las Cruces area.

I decided to name it Local Gems partly because of my love for gemstones and my belief that artisans are precious kinds of people. From then on my journey and craft development in podcasting was in full swing. It was all new to me but the growing experience along with trial and error has taught me how to make my episodes the best they can be. I just recorded my tenth episode and it is apparent that I have comes a long way as an interviewer and an audio editor. Here is a little dive into how I have developed my own art in podcasting.

When I was first introduced to studio B, which is the room in KRUX where the podcast magic happens, it looked like a complicated maze to me but it wasn’t long until I knew the ins and outs. One of the biggest skills I had to learn was how to work all of the equipment. It was the first time I had ever touched a soundboard and professional microphones. I became familiar with how to set the microphones to the right levels so that even though my voice pitch might be softer or coarser than my guest’s we still produced the same sound frequency.

I was slightly familiar with Adobe Audition when I was hired but working at KRUX has made me extremely comfortable with the program. My first season was a crazy mess of different sounding voices because I was so unfamiliar with how to fix little sound problems. One of my episodes sounded like my guest and I were underwater and another sounded like we were 30 feet away from the microphones. They were good interviews but I just didn’t know how to manipulate Audition yet. Now I have to say that I have worked out all the kinks and my second season has been sounding way better than the first. I can now increase the volume on parts that need to be louder as well as get rid of any unnecessary white noise that might be captured. When I listen to my first episode versus my ninth episode the difference is very obvious.

The most creative part about podcasting is creating the content. I really enjoy going out into the community and looking for interesting artisans who are passionate about their work. I personally believe that almost everything is an art, from writing to painting to drawing to jewelry making to cosmetology to photography to architecture, and way beyond. This keeps me open to so many different kinds of people who all share the same skill of being creative.

What I enjoy most is when I don’t know my guest very well and I get to formulate questions that are more personal than they usually would be when meeting someone for the first time in any other environment. I think it is amazing how talented people are and how their art is such a big part of their lives. Artisans are particularly interesting people because their brains are so much more developed and ‘tapped into’. I have met a lot of amazing people through making this podcast and they have in turn made me a better and more open human.

The editing process has always been fun and creative for me. It is satisfying taking out umms and likes and making myself and my guest sound flawless. Everyone always worries about the way they are going to sound and they don’t want to sound weird, but I always tell them that I will make them sound great no matter what. Asking someone to talk with you about themselves as artists and their personal lives is a lot to ask.

It has been a privilege to provide my guests with some exposure and to get to know such amazing individuals. I am so fortunate to have had ten amazing guests on Local Gems so far who have allowed me into their creative minds. I am also grateful for KRUX for providing me with such a supportive platform to create on. Here’s to ten more!

A Dive into Jensen

Olivia Belcher 10.7.2019

We met arts writer and activist Jensen Stell last week on Local Gems Season 2, Episode 2. On top of learning how her love for art grew and how she began writing for The Round Up, we learned a rather unique fact about Jensen.

Five years from now she sees herself working in funeral home services and possibly owning her own funeral home in a large metropolitan city. She got her start at a local funeral home, French’s Funerals and Cremations, “It was the summer I was 17 I did an internship at a family-owned funeral home in Albuquerque. There wasn’t a lot I could do because I was 17 and I was the youngest intern they had ever had up to that point, and I wasn’t apprenticing for mortuary school so I ended up spending an entire summer going to funerals,” says Stell.

Stell usually receives reactions of repulsion when she shares this information with others but that is hardly the feeling she got when going to work. “I left work every day feeling so good. I left work every day feeling really fulfilled. I left work knowing that I helped and that feeling is not a feeling you can compare to a lot of other things. This is helping people through what could be the hardest time of their lives,” says Stell.

She also experienced the customer side of funeral work when she helped her grandfather make funeral preparations when her grandmother passed away. “I helped my grandpa through all the planning of my grandmother’s funeral, and it made me want to do it even more. We went through French’s and they were so nice and helpful,” says Stell, and she wants to make other families feel as taken care of as she did.

“There are so many pros in going into the funeral industry. This is a public service you are providing, and you are a key member for the community which makes the job security awesome,” says Stell, on top of many other pros.

Stell is fully aware that funeral work isn’t a job that can just be done on a whim.

“It’s not an easy job by any means. There were days where I was going to funerals for children and no one said it was easy, but during these services I was able to speak wit theses families and make things a little bit easier even if it was by just handing them a prayer card. That is why I want to do this,” says Stell.

Another pro she sees in funeral work, especially in a large city, is the exposure to the vast amount of different rituals and traditions different faiths have surrounding death. “Different faiths practice different rituals and witnessing the different rituals is very interesting. I want to be an active participant in these different cultures and I think it will be more diverse in a big city. You never know what is going to walk through that door, what they are going to want and when,” says Stell,

With her experience in funeral work and observations of how people react to her wanting to enter into the funeral business, Stell has found that there is a negative stigma surrounding the concept of death, especially among Americans. She feels that conversations about what should happen after a loved one dies should be more of a common conversation among families. “Americans should be more open to talking about death, I understand that it is a little weird because of the element of the unknown, but I think it is very important and shouldn’t be so taboo. Death

shouldn’t be a weird thing, people die. We might as well understand it and have a grip on the situation,” says Stell. She specifically mentions Americans because other cultures around the world perceive death in more positive light and more open about it within their communities and families. Americans tend to shut down when having to face the death of a loved one. Stell stresses that it is better to be prepared than having to deal with all of the decisions on top of grieving.

Stell knows that funerals are hard for families and understand that empathy and good communication skills are key when working in this field. She is currently majoring in communications here at NMSU, which she finds very beneficial in acquiring the skills she is going to need as a funeral director.

“Funeral directing is very much an art in itself and I think it is something I would be very happy doing. It would provide me with a stable career and allow me to live comfortably,” says Stell on top of making a positive difference in people’s lives.

Her desire to embark on such a unique professional field is something that I think everyone should strive for. Jensen isn’t afraid of stepping outside of the box and doing something not everyone is comfortable doing and that is extremely admirable.

The Blacksmith

Olivia Belcher 9.23.2019

On a hot day in Hatch, New Mexico, sparks fly as a piece of scalding metal comes out of a burning forge and on to the anvil. A hammer strikes the metal over and over and creates the perfect profile of a horse. The person yielding that hammer is Hopper Shannon. Hopper Shannon has been a blacksmith for the last 30 years. He is originally from El Paso, Texas, where he grew up, and now resides in Hatch, New Mexico, with his wife.

Shannon suffered some serious injuries while working construction and his doctor told him that he wasn’t going to be able to walk very well. Shannon didn’t let the doctor’s words discourage his desire to work hard and told himself “stand up and do it.” Getting up and doing it is exactly what he is doing.

While recovering from his third back break, after falling off a roof, his wife showed him a few articles on Spanish Colonial Blacksmithing which first sparked his interest and he has been pounding away at it ever since. Shannon is completely self-taught. He hasn’t taken any lessons from fellow blacksmiths nor has he taken a professional class. Everything he knows he has learned on his own through trial and error. In addition to teaching himself the trade, he also built his own blacksmith shop. The shop is 30 feet by 40 feet that includes a carpentry shop, a welding shop and a forge. This is where all of his work is created on a daily basis.

Shannon makes anything from letter openers to fireplace screens, but his favorite items are special orders that people ask him to make. “Anything anybody needs, if I’m able to make it I’ll get out there and do it,” Shannon said.

The special order that he is most proud of is a 15 feet by 17 feet cross that he made out of tubing steel which he manipulated to look like wood. The cross sits outside the First Baptist Church in Hatch, New Mexico. “It has the bands and the footrest that he stood on, it just came out real nice,” Shannon explained.

Blacksmithing isn’t just something he is interested in, but he has made it his full-time job and source of income. “Many people tell me ‘that is a really nice hobby you have’, and I tell them this isn’t a hobby. If it was a hobby I wouldn’t be able to make a living off it,” Shannon said.

Working outside with the elements isn’t a new thing for Shannon. In addition to working in construction, Shannon also fought in Vietnam and says that blacksmithing is “the closest thing to an inside job I have ever had.”

Shannon sells to private buyers, but his most common place of business is the Las Cruces Farmer’s Market. He attends the market every Saturday to sell his work and spread the interest of blacksmithing.

Although the trade is not very popular this day in age, Shannon feels that if society declines any more we are going to need one again maybe not in our lifetime but our children’s lifetime.

Shannon is a modern example of how important historical trades such as blacksmithing and welding are to modern society in teaching us how to work hard and with our hands. Today many jobs revolve around computers and technology, but old fashion hard work is still essential in developing well-rounded citizens.

“It keeps my mind right,” Shannon said, and he likes the fact that he is still standing on dirt and working hard. He says that blacksmithing has taught him “self-motivation and you can’t just sit down and quit, that you got to do something. Quitting is the worst thing you can do.”

He sets his hammer down on the anvil and puts the scalding metal in cold water to cool, and yet another Hopper Shannon piece is created. It is just a matter of minutes before he chooses another piece of metal and picks that hammer up again. Sparks fly with every strike and Shannon keeps on doing what he loves to do.

I had the privilege of meeting Hopper and his wife last semester. They taught me so much about the history of blacksmithing and welcomed me into their home to get a close look at where Hopper does his magic. Be sure to stop by the Las Cruces Farmer’s Market every Saturday morning, their booth is always on the right-hand side about a block into the market, and show this unique artist some love.

Art. Art. And more art.

Olivia Belcher 9.16.2019

We met Donovan Swann back in April on the podcast side of Local Gems. It has been five months and there has been a lot of growth and change in her world. To start things off, one of the biggest changes that occurred was her moving from the old art building, Williams Hall, to the brand spanking new art building, Devasthali Hall.

With successfully moving her entire art studio to the new building she is looking forward to the clean slate that a new studio will provide. “I’m really excited for my new studio I just have to get it rearranged and decorated,” Swann says.

Along with excitement for the art department’s new home comes some sadness associated with leaving the old one especially since it is going to be torn down. “I think I am probably going to cry because I have spent so long there, my friends made fun of me because I kept saying how sad it was going to be to leave the old building. There are a lot of memories attached to the old building, a lot of experiences, friend that I have met and kept hopefully for my whole life,” Swann says.

In addition to moving her entire art world, Swann collaborated with fellow grad students to create new pieces. One of the collaboration pieces Swan created is a collage of zines specifically of video games which was featured in the Art PopUp Show in Bank of the West.

Their goal with this piece was to bring up the conversation of how video games and video game design is not seen as art in the contemporary art world, and why that is the case. She especially enjoyed creating this piece because it merged her art/professional world and a hobby that she greatly enjoys together, which is something that doesn’t come easy.

Another show Swann contributed to is Nasty Women Part 2 that was recently displayed at Art Obscura.

This is Swann’s third semester of grad school and her second semester teaching. The first semester that she taught was her very first semester of grad school.

After getting passed her initial doubt about teaching she found that it is something she truly enjoys. “Honestly, I really love it and I thought I was going to hate teaching. It scared me in a lot of different ways. I was forced to and I’m really glad that I was forced because I ended up really loving it,” Swann says.

She hopes to continue her teaching into the professional world once she graduates with her Masters in Fine Arts, preferably in a much cooler in temperature city than Las Cruces

She has also done a lot of personal growth over the summer. “I’ve learned that it is ok to make more personal work. There was a long period of time before when I didn’t make work about myself. I would make it about my interests but less so about my personal experiences. Putting myself in a place of vulnerability and maybe a place where I’m afraid is good and will allow me to connect more to other people,” Swann says.

Her advice to other students and artists at the same point in life as her is “don’t be afraid to try and don’t be afraid to fail. You make better work when you’re not afraid to fail. Be willing to ask for help, sleep and eat healthy.”

She is looking forward to what the rest of Grad School has to offer and will continue to create. Explore and keep up with her work on her Instagram @donovanswannart.


Financial aid just out of reach.

Olivia Belcher 4.29.2019

When thinking of attending college one of the first things that needs to be thought about is whether or not financial aid is an option. As we all know, since it has been drilled into our minds from childhood, that college is extremely expensive and even more so at the university level.

In an ideal world, a student’s parents started a college fund when they were young so they have money ready to spend on school, but that is just not the norm in today’s society. There was a study done in 2015 by Ohio State University that found that 3% of students pay for college from prior savings and 19% rely on family contributions. It also found that students rely mostly on scholarships (35%) and loans (36%). The percentage of how many students rely on savings and family has dropped since then.

When applying for FASFA, there are a few requirements that you have to consider like GPA, being a US citizen, and being enrolled or accepted into college, which all seems pretty easy. What most students don’t realize is that when FASFA is looking at your application they take the Cost of Attendance and subtract it from your Expected Family Contribution based on your family’s income and that is how they calculate whether or not you receive financial aid or not and how much. The Expected Family Contribution is found through a calculation that is unique the FASFA, but what if a student is living on their own and the realistic EFC is $0, regardless of what that student’s parents make? What happens then?

Sadly, until you reach the age of 24 or you fall into a special category, you are considered a dependent and you have to include your parent’s income. There are many students under the age of 24 who don’t receive any help from their parents who have well-paying jobs. This hinders them from receiving financial aid because ‘living on your own’ isn’t one of the special categories to not be considered a dependent.

As a result, these students have to resort to paying for college on their own by working at the same time and taking out loans that they are going to have to pay massive interest on by the time they graduate. I know an old friend of mine, that wished to remain anonymous, actually had to resort to dropping out of college because she couldn’t make enough at work to cover living expenses on top of tuition and supplies. The sad part is her dad is a doctor and makes very good money, but none of it goes to her or her schooling. She doesn’t qualify for financial aid and it is difficult to win scholarships because working gets in the way of applying and meeting all the requirements. It is unfortunate that she had to just settle for the job she has now and not go to school just because she is living on her own under the age of 24.

I have another friend who attends NMSU with me and she has been struggling with staying on her feet finically as well. She lives here for the purpose to go to college and received a scholarship, but it is not enough. She also did not qualify for financial aid even though she comes from a single parent home and her mom makes as much as a teacher “it is such an unjust system,” she said. I know these two students are not the only ones dealing with this problem.

If a student can prove that they are supporting themselves with no help from their parents and that desire to go to school to better their own lives they should be able to receive financial aid. I don’t think it would be that difficult to implement requirements for students supporting themselves so that aid can be available. It seems unethical to leave these students in a sticky situation that they can’t get out of even if they try because there is no system in place made to help them.

Changing the financial aid system would result in more educated and successful citizens that will, in turn, further benefit the future of our society.

You’re What You Own?

Olivia Belcher 4.15.2019

Moving out of your parents’ home and finally out on your own is one of those milestones in someone’s life that is life-changing. The level of impact that moving out on your own has increased especially when you’re a college student between the ages of 18 and 25. I know for me personally, it has been a huge wake-up call. I moved out and on my own in order to go to college at NMSU which is only 45 minutes away from my home town El Paso but it still was a huge change regardless.

After about two or three weeks of living on my own, along with my boyfriend, I discovered many of my own flaws and odd habits. I came to realize that I am the worst at putting my clothes in the hamper, rinsing out my dishes before I put them in the sink and that I have a horrible habit of leaving the lights on. Every time I come home and realize that I left a light on I hear my mom in the back of my head saying “turn off your lights child!”

One of the biggest things that I realize my mom did for me, was my laundry. I definitely took for granted how time-consuming and tedious laundry is until I had to start doing it myself. Now I find myself re-wearing things way more often then I used to. I don’t know how she kept up with all of it. It seems like I constantly have a huge mountain that never gets smaller. I feel like I took a lot of what my parents did for me for granted, we all do.

We don’t notice what other people do for us until it stops, which is a very sad reality. Now, I thank my parents for everything they do for me every time I see them.

A friend of mine, Nichole Walls, also dealt with this struggle of what it is like when you’re on your own and no longer have your parents support.

She told me, “I took for granted everything I got while living at home because my dad provided everything for me. My Phone bill, utilities, and even groceries and when he passed away, out of nowhere I instantly was hit will all these responsibilities.”

Another aspect of living on your own many of us do not consider is that we now have to make our own decisions without guidance right at our fingertips. Most of the time these decisions are financial decisions. I no longer could spend the money I made from my part-time job on just myself.

Nicky also realized this quickly. “The luxury of spending money on yourself comes to a limit because now you have to put your money towards bills instead of buying clothes and shoes.”

The temptation of getting accredit card is very real when you’re living on your own as well. Managing money is not everyone’s strong suit so if you don’t fully understand credit cards, you can easily be persuaded because it sounds like free money.

“When I got my brand new place I noticed that I started constantly getting credit card offers from different companies and I feel like they take advantage of us because we don’t know any better and easily fall into debt,” said Nicky.

I don’t think society realizes how hard it is for college students to actually get the hang of living on their own. It is not just an instinct that we are all born with, it is something we have to learn on our own.

Now that I have lived on my own for almost a whole semester, I see myself growing and becoming more responsibly. Now I am much more comfortable being responsible for myself and my own space. I look forward to getting even better at laundry and making decisions on my own.



Olivia Belcher 4.1.2019

It is sad to say, but we live in a time where mass shootings occur regularly across the world. In the United States alone, there have been 162 public mass shootings since 1966 and many of the deadliest shootings have occurred within the past few years according to the Washington Post. The deadliest shooting to occur in the United States was the 2017 Las Vegas Shooting at a country music festival which claimed 58 victims and is currently the 6th deadliest shooting to occur globally. In addition to this, the number one most deadly shooting to occur globally was the 2015 Garissa University College attack in Garissa, Kenya that claimed 148 lives according to The most recent shooting to occur was the New Zealand Mosque Shootings that claimed 50 lives and is now the 8th deadliest shooting to occur globally.

Once these tragedies occur the one thing that is plastered all over social media, newspapers, and broadcast news are the crazy coward’s names that committed the horrible acts. Within days of the shooting, these people are instant celebrities. Everyone wants to know what provoked them to commit such horrible acts so they start researching their backgrounds, how they were brought up if they had any health issues, their religion, their political views, and everything in between. People also go as far as to write books and create movies based on these murderers. The saddest part about all of this is that not once are the victim’s names mentioned nor are their lives vigorously researched. The media pays absolutely no attention to the people who were killed; they merely become a number in the statistics of the incident. It is devastating to think that we could easily recall the name of a mass shooter if we are prompted to but unless we are somehow connected to a mass shooting victim it would be impossible to list their names when prompted to.

Many people argue that extensively mentioning who did it and why brings awareness to the situation and can help reduce mass shootings, but I have to disagree with that. I believe that basically making this person’s name well-known through constantly mentioning it in the media makes them a celebrity and people copy celebrities all the time. Copycats are inevitable and they can find the information regardless of whether it is on the news or not, but having the information easily and frequently accessible through the news is just upping the chances of copycats.

There is a filmmaker that spends a lot of his time in El Paso by the name of Charlie Minn. He does documentary films on mass shootings. Some of his films are 77 Minutes, which features survivors of the 1984 McDonald’s shooting that occurred in San Diego, California, A Nightmare in Las Cruces, which talks about the 1990 Las Cruces Bowl massacre, 49 Pulses, which examines the Orlando Night Club shooting by using survivor interviews, re-enactments, and police body cameras, and Mexico’s Bravest Man, which tells the story of Julian Leyzaola Perez, police chief, who declared war on the drug cartels and survived 8 assassination attempts. Minn is a strong advocator for keeping mass shooter’s names out of the limelight and bring more attention to the victims. He never once mentions the shooter’s names in his films and refers to them as cowards. He mentions as many of the victims names as possible and gives viewers an inside into their lives that were lost. In an El Paso Times article, Minn said, “MY films represent the innocent people who have been murdered. It’s become my image as a filmmaker to tackle hard subjects and the effects on the victims. I’m trying to give voice to the voiceless. The victim’s stories are heroic and inspiring.” Minn’s message is a strong one that the media should pay attention to. Mass Shooters should not go down in history for their horrible actions, they deserve to be forgotten and the victims deserve to be remembered.

Minn isn’t the only one acting on this idea either. In the wake of the most recent New Zealand mosque shooting, the country’s Prime minister, Jacinda Ardern, is refusing to mention the mass shooter’s name as respect to the victims. In a USA Today article, Ardern said, “One thing I can assure you-you won’t hear me speak his name.” She is doing so to support the idea that elevating the identity of the perpetrator in mass shootings leads to copycats. Instead of repeating the shooter’s name Ardern urged the people of New Zealand to frequently speak about the victims, say their names, and tell their stories.

Minn and Ardern are on the right track to decreasing mass shooter copycats as well as bring more attention to the victims of these horrible acts. There is no reason to make horrible people famous because of their horrible actions. The whole world should not know their names off the top of their heads, or how their childhood was, or if he had some sort of hate towards a certain group. None of those details should matter. What should matter are the lives of the people who are no longer living. The victims should have all the fame and all the limelight, not the monster who stripped them of their future.

Crystals You Say?

Olivia Belcher 3.11.2019

Crystals and rocks have always been a huge part of my life. I used to stuff my pockets with the coolest looking stones form the playground in kindergarten and ever since then I have just been drawn to them. As I got older I learned that each different stone inhibits its own energy and along with that energy comes a wide range of ways stones can help humans with health, mental, mood, and even lifestyle problems. I believe strongly that stones have the ability to heal people because I have experienced it firsthand after fair amounts of research.

As a third-year college student, stress and anxiety are the number one ailment that I constantly deal with. Gems have been a great asset to controlling that stress before I have an anxiety attack. Here are a handful of beautiful stones that can help anyone with stress and anxiety.

Lepidolite is the first crystal on the list and considered one of the best mood stabilizers. I was first introduced to this stone by my friend Mariah Vega. It comes from the Greek word for scale which coincides with its ability to balance and harmonize. There are very high amounts of lithium in this crystal which is the same substance used in anti-anxiety medication. Having this crystal close to you in your daily life and as a part of your meditation routine will bring you a sense of peace and tranquility. Lepidolite’s effects also help aid restful sleeping which can be disturbed by an excess of stress and anxiety. This crystal allows you to detach your mind from the troubles that you are facing and bring you back into balance with your own soul and the energy of the world around you.

Next is Jet stone. This stone is actually a type of coal that comes from natural fossilized wood. Jet stone is a gateway that can be used to release motions of anger, stress, anxiety, fear, grief, and depression. It allows the release of negativity to make room for positivity. Aside from its ability to let you release the negative emotions, it also helps you to understand the lesson that was meant to be learned from that negativity. Letting go of what is causing your anxiety and stress is the first step to getting rid of anxiety and stress which is why the Jet stone is so helpful. “I have a piece of Jet stone in my purse so I can constantly be free of negativity.”

Now let’s talk about Danburite. Danburite provides comfort in times of stress letting you know that what is causing your stress is taken care of. It possesses the strongest energy that can rid your body, mind, and aura of stress and anxiety. It also has one of the highest vibrations currently found which connects your mind and your heart. This crystal helps greatly in times of drastic change which can bring huge amounts of stress and anxiety. If things are changing in your world if you are about to start a new job or new school you should defiantly keep Danburite close to you.

Black Tourmaline is next and it is your security blanket. This crystal completely protects you from negative energy entering your life. It can also extract negative energies that you have within you by merely holding it in your hands and imagining it sucking all the bad energies out of your body. Using Black Tourmaline really does speak for itself.

Fluorite is the last on our list but should not be considered our least. This crystal boosts peacefulness and clear thinking, which is perfect for students in particular who are stressed out. It helps you clear your mind and focus on a clear thought process during challenging times where our thought process usually goes out of whack. Fluorite makes your decision-making process clearer as well so that you’re more inclined to make the right decision.

A friend of mine, Emilie Rosales, is a huge gemstone enthusiast and when I asked her what her go-to stones were for de-stressing she mentioned these and a whole bunch more but told me about a personal inside experience she had with Jet stone and how it helped her get over the worst anxiety attack she has ever had:

‘I went to Baylor University my freshman year of college and it was my first time living on my own and living 9 hours away from my family. At first, I didn’t mind it and I kind of enjoyed being on my own, but after my first semester, that feeling had gone away. I hadn’t made any good friends, the girls I was rooming with and I didn’t get along, and I felt very alone. I remember one day sitting in my room on my bed and then just this horrible feeling came over me and I started freaking out over how I had no one at Baylor that cared about me and my heart started racing and started crying. I remember that I had gotten a Jet stone pointe on the internet a while back after I read that it helps with releasing negative thoughts so I grabbed it off my desk and just held it close to my heart and I did not think it would be so instant but my heart immediately stopped racing. Ever since then I always have the pointe with me.’

These five stones are the ones that should be around you frequently if your prone to getting anxiety and always feel as if you are stressed. I personally find a lot of comfort with Fluorite because I have grown up with it. I have found that having it near me when doing homework allows my thoughts to flow a lot better and I don’t sit there staring at my computer screen as long. All of these crystals can work alone or together to bring your mind peace. The key to allowing these stones to help you is including them in your daily meditation and life.

Sources used:


My Relationship with the Church

Olivia Belcher 2.25.2019

Religion is just one of those things that people have their personal opinion on. An opinion that is not easily changed by other people’s opinions. My opinion of the Catholic church has been molded from my first-hand experience in Catholic school. I’m not going to beat around the bush with this topic and just come right out and say that I whole-heartedly feel that the Catholic schools teach judgment before unconditional love, which is what it wants everyone to believe it teaches.

I attended a private Catholic school from 1st-grade until I was a Junior in high school. From 1st grade to 8th grade I enjoyed private school for the most part. The one thing I had a problem with was how controlled we were, from our appearance to our attitude.

Private school was an environment that dictated the color and brand of our tennis shoes, how short all the boy’s hair had to be and even the type of book covers we had to use. There was no room for individuality at all. We were all dressed the same in all of our tucked in shirts, we were all forced to speak English and English only (unless you liked the principal’s office) and we all just dealt with it.

I don’t necessarily expect elementary and middle school kids to challenge their teachers, but I do expect the school to allow some degree of individuality and self-expression, especially since “loving your neighbor as yourself” is instilled in us from day one.

Once I graduated from the 8th grade I decided to attend the all-girls, Catholic high school in my home town. I honestly wanted to go because that was where most of my friends were going and I had no idea what public school was like. Little did I know then that I had made the worst decision of my life. I had willingly committed myself to a place of judgment, hate and closed-mindedness.

I remember sitting in the back of my religion class freshman year and a group of girls to my left were having a conversation in Spanish before the bell to begin class had even rung. Our teacher yelled across the room from her desk, bible in hand, “You girls over there, you’re going to go to hell if keep speaking Spanish.”

At that moment I was truly shocked that the women who were responsible for teaching us the teachings of an ‘all loving God’ actually said something like that to a student about their native language. From that day forward I started seeing more and more judgment come from that specific teacher, and then sadly even from the principal.

When I was a sophomore I joined the softball team and I remember one of my teammates got called into the principal’s office because she had a pixie hair cut and would wear the uniform shorts instead of the skirt. The principal told her that she was setting a bad example for the younger classifications of girls and other things I’m not going to mention.

I remember being so mad when I heard about this because it proved to me that they don’t truly believe that we are all God’s children. My principal took how my teammate looked and immediately pegged her as a lesbian. It doesn’t matter whether she was or not, she should not have been scolded for her hair being too short or for wearing handbook approved uniform shorts.

What broke my heart the most is that once she showed up for practice, she was late because of this meeting, she sat in the corner of the dugout and just cried. The principal had made her feel so horrible about herself that it brought her to tears. To me, that is just SO INFURIATING.

What makes it even worse is our principal wasn’t just a person who was Catholic, but a Catholic nun. She is supposed to put all judgments aside and love all God’s children no matter what they wear or how they cut their hair, but instead took action on her own personal opinion.

I also noticed that money is really important to this school in particular. I came across a handful of situations where I noticed that the girls with wealthy or well-known parents would have their needs and desires met before the rest of the students.

Girls who were unique and who live life to the beat of their own drum were looked down upon and made fun of by other girls and even some teachers. We were also required to go to church once a month unless you could prove that you were raised with a different religion. “I don’t believe in God,” was not enough and you would still be forced to go.

I just didn’t feel like I was in a healthy environment for learning because there were so much judgment and hatefulness. I could see that all the teachers had the same opinions, values, and outlook on life which gave no variety of ideas and thought processes to the students. I knew that this was not where I wanted to be anymore.

I decided to leave that environment during my junior year of high school and go to public school. I have to admit it was a major shock. Public school was a completely different world and I wish I had gone at the beginning of my high school career.

I had never been exposed to so many different types of people in my entire life. I was used to rich to upper-middle-class girls who grew up extremely privileged and were not open-minded. I was now submerged in this sea of so many different personalities, backgrounds, beliefs, economic classifications and even sexual preferences, and I loved every second of it.

It was enlightening to be exposed to all of these different people and I think it made me a more self-aware member of society and ultimately even closer to God than ever. It defiantly opened my eyes and my mind to how unique humans really are and that it is so much easier to just be nice to everyone as long as their nice to you than to purposefully go out of your way to be mean or rude to someone based on their looks, skin color, religion, beliefs, or anything really.

I saw a greater level of acceptance in public school for everyone. I’m not saying that there was no bullying because every school has bullying, unfortunately, but there was this mutual respect for everyone’s differences and if bullying did happen the teachers shut it down immediately.

Every teacher I had was different and showed me different ways of thinking and problem-solving. I felt that they cared about me learning their subject way more than they cared about whether I am a good practicing Catholic or not.

This environment was so much more positive and made me feel like I could think the way I wanted to think and speak about things I wanted to speak about without being judged. I met so many unique people that opened my eyes to individualism.

So, this is my thank you to public school, for opening my mind and allowing me to experience the real world. Thank you for allowing me to meet unique people that made me a better person. Most of all, thank you for the life experience.




Olivia Belcher 2.11.2019

Locked in memories can no longer be re-visited on Scenic Drive in El Paso. I’m sure many of us locals have driven up the windy road to Murchison Rogers Park to overlook the beautiful El Paso city lights. It wasn’t long before we started to mimic France’s Pont des Arts bridge by placing padlocks on the hand railing of the outlook staircase. The main point of this is to commemorate relationships and special moments with loved ones. I myself had a padlock there that I placed with my boyfriend. We loved re-visiting the lock to remember our commitment and seeing more locks on top of ours was great.

About a month ago, we drove up Scenic to see our lock again, but to my great disappointment, each and every lock that had been removed. To keep how I felt about this to a minimum, I felt very sad and sort of robbed of a memorial location that is special to my life.

I started thinking to myself, what if someone had placed a lock there with someone who has passed away and that was a very special place for the surviving loved one to visit and feel close to that person who is no longer there. I know the act in itself is probably considered defacement to city property, but if it was not harming the safety of the visitors or the structural soundness of the stairs, I see no reason as to why the locks were removed.

I can see why the locks on the Pont des Arts bridge have to be removed because the bridge is holding people above a body of water and all the extra weight was making it start to break, but I didn’t quite understand what the issue was at Scenic.

I had previously heard and seen some plans to renovate Murchison Rogers Park, but no advancements towards that have been made, and I wonder if the city even considered whether citizens would be hurt by this action.

Steve Lunsford, the Land Management Superintendent for the El Paso Parks and Recreation Department, said “It was determined that they are not part of the standard park equipment and they were making the rails unstable due to the excess weight.  Because of this, they were removed.”

The weight of the locks creating a safety issue is understandable and it is unfortunate that they couldn’t withstand the extra weight.

I looked for a possible announcement about the locks being removed to see if people had the chance to get their lock prior, but Lunsford said “No, there was not any public announcement.  Please keep in mind, that the locks were originally placed there without any permission.”

It is sad to know that the lock I placed with my boyfriend has been disposed of, but I can’t imagine how others who may not have that person anymore feel. I know public safety is very important and the city was not wrong for removing them, I just wish they had given everyone an opportunity to remove their locks themselves, regardless of whether they were placed with or without permission.

There should be a spot that is designated by the city the allows people to safely place padlocks, that way our parks stay safe and citizens can have a place to commemorate special moments.